PHOTO CREDITS

Left to right:

Charles Claude Bertrand (b. 1815, France) and wife Marie Florentine Rachal (b. 1823, Louisiana). Photo in possession of Rachal Mills Lennon.

Aura J. Morse (1857, Georgia; died 1910, Texas), wife of Joseph H. Mills. Photo in possession of Rachal Mills Lennon.

Tustennuggee Emathla "Jim Boy," Creek chief (b. c1793, Tallapoosa River). Digital ID cph 3g12426, Library of Congress.

"Aunt Winnie," slave of Jesse Stephenson. "Portraits of African American ex-slaves from the U.S. Works Progress Administration, Federal Writers' Project, Slave Narratives Collection," Digital ID ppmsc 01255, Library of Congress.

John A. Jeffcoat (b. 1851, Mississippi) and wife Amanda "Mandy" Minchew (b. 1852, Mississippi), with son Burt (b. 1887-1984?). Photo acquired 1987 from Ulmar Jeffcoat Walker, West Memphis, Arkansas. Photo in possession of Rachal Mills Lennon.

2016–2018. By Ruth Brossette Lennon

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